Imaging of hepatic cystic tumors

Vishal Kukkar, Venkata S. Katabathina

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Cystic tumors of the liver are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with characteristic histogenesis, clinico-biological features, and pathologic findings. They include both epithelial and mesenchymal liver tumors and commonly originate from the biliary epithelium. Mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) and intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) are the most common cystic neoplasms of the liver. Cystic changes can develop in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hepatic metastases due to cystic degeneration and necrosis. Rarely, mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and giant cavernous hemangioma may also show cystic appearance with necrotic areas. Rare hepatic tumors such as mesenchymal hamartoma, undifferentiated embryonal carcinoma, lymphangioma, and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors are also cystic in nature. Select cystic hepatic tumors show characteristic cross-sectional imaging findings that permit an accurate diagnosis. Imaging is also pivotal in the follow-up and long-term surveillance of cystic hepatic tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Radiology
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages91-110
Number of pages20
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameMedical Radiology
ISSN (Print)0942-5373
ISSN (Electronic)2197-4187

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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