Imaging of homeostatic, neoplastic, and injured tissues by HA-based probes

Mandana Veiseh, Daniel Breadner, Jenny Ma, Natalia Akentieva, Rashmin C. Savani, Rene Harrison, David Mikilus, Lisa Collis, Stefan Gustafson, Ting Yim Lee, James Koropatnick, Leonard G. Luyt, Mina J. Bissell, Eva A. Turley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

An increase in hyaluronan (HA) synthesis, cellular uptake, and metabolism occurs during the remodeling of tissue microenvironments following injury and during disease processes such as cancer. We hypothesized that multimodality HA-based probes selectively target and detectably accumulate at sites of high HA metabolism, thus providing a flexible imaging strategy for monitoring disease and repair processes. Kinetic analyses confirmed favorable available serum levels of the probe following intravenous (i.v.) or subcutaneous (s.c.) injection. Nuclear (technetium-HA, 99mTc-HA, and iodine-HA, 125I-HA), optical (fluorescent Texas Red-HA, TR-HA), and magnetic resonance (gadolinium-HA, Gd-HA) probes imaged liver ( 99mTc-HA), breast cancer cells/xenografts (TR-HA, Gd-HA), and vascular injury ( 125I-HA, TR-HA). Targeting of HA probes to these sites appeared to result from selective HA receptor-dependent localization. Our results suggest that HA-based probes, which do not require polysaccharide backbone modification to achieve favorable half-life and distribution, can detect elevated HA metabolism in homeostatic, injured, and diseased tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-22
Number of pages11
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 9 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Veiseh, M., Breadner, D., Ma, J., Akentieva, N., Savani, R. C., Harrison, R., Mikilus, D., Collis, L., Gustafson, S., Lee, T. Y., Koropatnick, J., Luyt, L. G., Bissell, M. J., & Turley, E. A. (2012). Imaging of homeostatic, neoplastic, and injured tissues by HA-based probes. Biomacromolecules, 13(1), 12-22. https://doi.org/10.1021/bm201143c