Antibodies against the N-terminal (NT) but not the basic domain (BD), DNA binding regions of the largest subunit (S1) of RNA polymerase I (RNAPI) were detected in the sera of MRL-lpr/lpr lupus mice. Antibodies against both RNAPI(S1)-NT and -BD, as well as other systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) autoantigens (La, ribosomal P proteins and Sm/RNP) were produced by rabbits immunized with anti-DNA antibodies that had been affinity purified from SLE patients. Immunization of nonautoimmune mice (Balb/c) with RNAPI(S1)-NT, RNAPI(S1)-BD, or La in the form of GST fusion proteins, induced production of anti-double-stranded (ds) DNA and anti-Sm/RNP. GST-P1 did not induce an anti-dsDNA response in these mice. These results demonstrate that RNAPI(S1)-NT, RNAPI(S1)-BD and La can participate in an anti-autoantigen/anti-DNA antibody loop during an SLE-like autoimmune response.
- Anti-70.kDa U1-RNP antibodies
- Anti-dsDNA antibodies
- RNA polymerase I
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy