In several animal viruses, enhancers have been implicated in both DNA replication and transcriptional activation. The linkage of the two mechanisms appears intimate, in that common DNA binding factors can be shared. The immunoglobulin heavy chain (Igh) intronic [heavy chain joining region (J(H))- μ chain constant region (Cμ)] enhancer (Eμ) is required for tissue- specific transcription of Igh genes and is essential for somatic recombination of diversity (D) and J segments. We show here that Eμ is located at or near an origin of chromosomal DNA replication, which is more active in B lymphocytes than fibroblasts. Eμ does not fulfill two criteria demonstrated for some cellular origins. Eμ can initiate but not maintain autonomous replicating activity in B cells. Eμ is unable to impart early replication timing to a transfected VDJ-Cμ Igh locus in B cells. Instead we propose that Eμ-associated ori activity contributes to tissue-specific Igh expression through local effects on chromatin structure leading to subsequent accessibility of transcription and/or recombination factors for the enhancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas