Impact of age and renal function on urine chemistry in patients with calcium oxalate kidney stones

Triet Vincent M. Tran, Xilong Li, Beverley A Huet, Naim M. Maalouf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nephrolithiasis is associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease, and its incidence varies with age. However, little is known on the combined impact of aging and declining renal function on urinary risk factors for calcium oxalate stone formation. A retrospective analysis was performed on 24-h urine collections from 993 calcium oxalate stone-forming patients. We first tested for interactions between age and creatinine clearance on various urinary determinants of calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis, and then examined their separate and combined effects in univariable and multivariable analyses adjusting for demographic and biochemical covariates. We identified significant interactions between age and creatinine clearance in predicting 24-h urine pH, calcium, and citrate. In view of the small number of stone formers with low creatinine clearance, we limited further regression analyses to patients with creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min. In multivariable analyses, urine citrate, oxalate, and total volume were positively correlated with age, whereas urine pH, citrate, calcium, oxalate, total volume, and RSR of calcium oxalate all significantly decreased with lower creatinine clearance. A decrease in creatinine clearance from 120 to 60 mL/min was associated with clinically significant decreases in the daily excretion rate of citrate (by 188 mg/day), calcium (by 33 mg/day), and oxalate (by 4 mg/day), and in RSR calcium oxalate (by 1.84). Age and creatinine clearance are significant and independent predictors of several urinary determinants of calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis. The impacts of aging and declining renal function should be considered during the management of calcium oxalate stone-forming patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUrolithiasis
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Age
  • Calcium oxalate
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Creatinine clearance
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Renal function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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