Impact of an Enhanced Recovery after Surgery Protocol on Unplanned Patient Encounters in the Early Postoperative Period after Ureteroscopy

Brett Johnson, Abdulhadi Akhtar, Joseph Crivelli, Ryan L. Steinberg, Jun Sasaki, Austin Street, Jodi Antonelli, Margaret S. Pearle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Ureteroscopy (URS) is associated with substantial patient-perceived morbidity. To improve the patient experience, we developed an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol for URS. We sought to determine if an ERAS protocol could reduce unplanned patient-initiated encounters. Materials and Methods: The ERAS protocol involves the preoperative administration of four medications to patients undergoing URS. We reviewed data on 100 consecutive patients undergoing URS with ureteral stent placement between April 2018 and August 2018. All unplanned postoperative encounters, including phone calls and electronic medical record messages, unplanned urology outpatient visits, emergency department (ED) visits, and re-admissions within 30 days of surgery, were recorded. A control group of patients undergoing URS between July 2013 and November 2014 served as a comparison group. Propensity score matching was performed. Statistical analysis included Mann-Whitney U test, Student's t-test, and Fischer's exact test. Univariable and multivariable (MVA) analyses were performed. Results: Using propensity score matching, 71 pre-ERAS (median age 57 years, interquartile range [IQR] 44-65) and 71 post-ERAS (median age 56 years, IQR 47-68) patients were compared. Although ED visits and postoperative readmissions were comparable between the two groups, significantly more unplanned phone calls/messages occurred in the pre-ERAS group than in the post-ERAS group (71 vs 27, respectively, p < 0.001). MVA regression analysis identified the ERAS protocol as a significant independent predictor of fewer patient calls (odds ratio 0.24, 95% confidence interval 0.12-0.50, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Analysis of an ERAS protocol for patients undergoing URS showed a reduction in unplanned patient-initiated communication, with implementation of the protocol. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04112160

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-302
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of endourology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • enhanced recovery after surgery
  • nephrolithiasis
  • ureteroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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