Background: Surgical site infections (SSIs) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation are associated with high mortality, while surgical prophylaxis is variable. Methods: This retrospective study included adult patients who underwent LVAD implantation at a single center. We compared outcomes in patients who received narrow antimicrobial prophylaxis (cefazolin, vancomycin, or both) to those who received broad antimicrobial prophylaxis (any antimicrobial combination targeting gram-positive and gram-negative organisms not included in the narrow group) at 30-day and 1-year postimplantation. Cox-proportional hazards models and log-rank tests were used for survival analysis. Results: Among the 39 and 65 patients comprising narrow and broad groups respectively, there was no difference in rate of SSI at 30 days (6.2% vs. 12.8%, p =.290) and 1 year (16.9% vs. 25.6%, p =.435). Comparing narrow to broad prophylaxis, the risk of mortality (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.15–1.35, logrank p =.14), and composite of mortality and infection was reduced (HR = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.45–1.88, logrank p =.83), but did not reach statistical significance. Most culture positive infections were due to gram-positive bacteria (70%) and the most common organisms were the Staphylococcus spp (47%). There were no significant differences in the rate of SSI at 1-year (p = 1.00) and mortality (p =.33) by device type. Conclusions: The rates of infection and all-cause mortality were not different between patients who received narrow or broad prophylaxis. This highlights an opportunity for institutions to narrow their surgical infection prophylaxis protocols to primarily cover gram-positive organisms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine