OBJECTIVES: Bendopnea is a recently described symptom of advanced heart failure. Its prevalence and prognostic utility in other cardiac conditions are unknown. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 108 consecutive patients (75 ± 3 years, 68% men) with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis referred for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Preoperatively, patients were tested for bendopnea, which was considered to be present when dyspnoea occurred within 30 s of bending forward. Univariable and stepwise multivariable analyses tested the association of bendopnea with preoperative echocardiographic parameters and postoperative clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Bendopnea was present in 46 of 108 (42%) patients. The mean time of onset was 10.5 ± 3.4 s. Bendopnea was associated with higher estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressures [51 (11) mmHg vs 40 (11) mmHg), P < 0.0001], smaller aortic valve area [0.66 (0.16) cm2 vs 0.76 (0.13) cm2, P = 0.0006] and longer duration of mechanical ventilation (P = 0.002) and length of stay in the hospital (P = 0.007). Following SAVR, in-hospital mortality in those with bendopnea versus those without bendopnea was 13% vs 3% (P = 0.07). In multivariable analysis, bendopnea was associated with duration of mechanical ventilation (parameter estimate 2.4, P < 0.0001) and length of stay in the hospital (parameter estimate 10.2, P ≤ 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Bendopnea was present in a sizeable minority of patients (42%) with severe aortic stenosis referred for SAVR. Bendopnea was associated with higher pulmonary artery systolic pressure and smaller aortic valve area preoperatively and with longer duration of mechanical ventilation and length of hospitalization postoperatively. These data suggest that bendopnea provides prognostic information in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing SAVR.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine