Background. The concurrent use of a postprandial insulin sensitizing agent, such as bromocriptine-QR, a quick release formulation of bromocriptine, a dopamine D2 receptor agonist, may offer a strategy to improve glycemic control and limit/reduce insulin requirement in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients on high-dose insulin. This open label pilot study evaluated this potential utility of bromocriptine-QR. Methods: Ten T2DM subjects on metformin (1-2gm/day) and high-dose (TDID ≥ 65U/day) basal-bolus insulin were enrolled to receive once daily (morning) bromocriptine-QR (1.6-4.8 mg/day) for 24 weeks. Subjects with at least one postbaseline HbA1c measurement (N = 8) were analyzed for change from baseline HbA1c, TDID, and postprandial glucose area under the curve of a four-hour mixed meal tolerance test (MMTT). Results: Compared to the baseline, average HbA1cdecreased 1.76% (9.74 ± 0.56 to 7.98 ± 0.36, = 0.01), average TDID decreased 27% (199 ± 33 to 147 ± 31, P = 0.009), and MMTT AUC60-240decreased 32% (P = 0.04) over the treatment period. The decline in HbA1cand TDID was observed at 8 weeks and sustained over the remaining 16-week study duration. Conclusion: In this study, bromocriptine-QR therapy improved glycemic control and meal tolerance while reducing insulin requirement in T2DM subjects poorly controlled on high-dose insulin therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism