Impact of chronic total occlusion revascularization attempts on subsequent clinical outcomes

Ahmad Jabbar, Georgios Christopoulos, Aris Karatasakis, Omar M. Jeroudi, Georgios E. Christakopoulos, Abdallah El Sabbagh, Barbara Danek, Judit Karacsonyi, Michele Roesle, Bavana V. Rangan, Jerrold Grodin, Michael Luna, Shuaib Abdullah, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S. Brilakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We examined a contemporary, unselected cohort of patients with coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) to determine the impact of CTO revascularization on long-term outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the impact of CTO revascularization on clinical outcomes of consecutive patients found to have a CTO during coronary angiography performed at our institution during 2011 and 2012. The primary endpoint was the incidence of a major adverse cardiac event (MACE, defined as a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and target-vessel revascularization [TVR]). Survival analysis was performed in the overall and propensity-matched retrospective cohorts of patients stratified by prior coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Propensity-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated with Cox proportional hazards analysis. All analyses were by intention to treat. RESULTS: Of 624 patients (319 without prior CABG and 305 with prior CABG) included in the present analysis, CTO revascularization (surgical or percutaneous) was attempted in 60% and 16% of patients without and with prior CABG, respectively. During a median follow-up of 26 months (range, 18-40 months), the incidence of MACE was 20.6%. CTO revascularization (achieved or attempted) was associated with lower incidence of MACE among patients without prior CABG (propensity-adjusted HR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.27-0.94; P≤.03), but not among prior CABG patients (propensity-adjusted HR, 1.38; 95% CI, 0.64-2.96; P≤.41). CONCLUSION: In a large, unselected patient population with coronary CTOs, a CTO revascularization attempt was associated with lower incidence of subsequent MACE among patients without prior CABG, but not among prior CABG patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E185-E192
JournalJournal of Invasive Cardiology
Volume28
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • chronic total occlusion
  • prior CABG
  • treatment strategy
  • unselected patient population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Jabbar, A., Christopoulos, G., Karatasakis, A., Jeroudi, O. M., Christakopoulos, G. E., El Sabbagh, A., Danek, B., Karacsonyi, J., Roesle, M., Rangan, B. V., Grodin, J., Luna, M., Abdullah, S., Banerjee, S., & Brilakis, E. S. (2016). Impact of chronic total occlusion revascularization attempts on subsequent clinical outcomes. Journal of Invasive Cardiology, 28(12), E185-E192.