Coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) have been associated with higher mortality in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs); yet the impact of CTO revascularization on subsequent clinical outcomes has not been studied. We evaluated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy who also received an ICD for primary prevention of sudden death at the Dallas VA Medical Center from January 2002 to December 2013. On the basis of coronary angiography performed before device implantation, patients were divided into 3 groups: no CTOs, revascularized CTOs (with percutaneous coronary intervention or surgery), and unrevascularized CTOs. Primary and secondary outcomes were all-cause mortality and appropriate ICD therapy for sustained ventricular arrhythmias. A total of 307 patients (mean age 64.3 ± 8.1years, 100% men) were included in the study. At least 1 CTO was present in 213 patients (69%) and was revascularized in 99 patients (32%). During a median follow-up of 4.1years, 51 patients (17%) died and 98 (32%) had at least 1 episode of sustained ventricular arrhythmia. Mortality and incidence of ventricular arrhythmias were similar in the 3 study groups in both univariate and multivariate analyses. In conclusion, CTOs are commonly found in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. In contrast to previous studies, the presence of a CTO was not associated with higher mortality or incidence of ventricular arrhythmias. In addition, revascularization of CTOs was not associated withimproved outcomes in this high-risk cohort.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine