Background: There is ongoing controversy about the optimal crossing strategy selection for chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), especially regarding the relative merits of antegrade dissection/re-entry and the retrograde approach. Methods: We retrospectively examined the clinical outcomes of 173 consecutive patients who underwent successful CTO PCI at our institution between January 2012 and March 2015. Results: The mean age was 65 ± 8 years, and 98% of the patients were men with a high prevalence of diabetes (60%), previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (31%), and previous PCI (54%). The successful CTO crossing strategy was antegrade wire escalation in 79 patients (45.5%), antegrade dissection/re-entry in 58 patients (33.5%), retrograde wire escalation in 11 patients (6.4%), and retrograde dissection and re-entry in 25 patients (14.5%). The retrograde approach was more commonly used in lesions with interventional collaterals (P <0.0001), moderate/severe calcification (P = 0.02), blunt stump (P = 0.01), and a higher Japan Chronic Total Occlusion score (P = 0.0002). Use of dissection and re-entry (both antegrade and retrograde) was associated with bifurcation and the distal cap (P = 0.004), longer CTO occlusion length (P <0.0001), and longer stent length (P <0.0001). Median follow-up was 11 months. The 12-month incidence of death, myocardial infarction, and the composite of acute coronary syndrome/target lesion revascularization/target vessel revascularization was 2.5%, 4.9%, and 24.4%, respectively, and was similar with intimal and subintimal crossing strategies. Conclusions: Antegrade dissection/re-entry and retrograde approaches are frequently used during CTO PCI and were associated with similarly favorable intermediate-term outcomes as antegrade wire escalation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine