Impact of high-salt versus low-salt intake on the response of sympathetic baroreflex sensitivity to orthostasis in women with a history of normal pregnancy

Ryosuke Takeda, Abigail S.L. Stickford, Stuart A. Best, Jeung Ki Yoo, Sarah L. Hissen, Yu Lun Liu, Qi Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that sympathetic baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) increases during orthostatic stress in humans. We recently showed that dietary salt intake affects sympathetic neural control in healthy premenopausal women. This study aimed to determine whether salt loading versus salt reduction would impact sympathetic BRS during orthostasis in premenopausal women with a history of normal pregnancy. Nine healthy women [42 ± 3 (SD) yr] were given a standardized isocaloric high-salt (250 mEq sodium/day) or low-salt (50 mEq sodium/day) diet for 1wk each (∼2mo apart with the order randomized), whereas water intake was ad libitum. Laboratory testing was performed following each high- and low-salt period in the midluteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Hemodynamics and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) were measured at baseline (supine; 2 min) and during a graded head-up tilt (30_ for 5 min and 60° for 20 min). Sympathetic BRS was assessed during baseline and head-up tilt. Hemodynamics were not different between salt conditions during baseline or tilt. Both supine and upright MSNA indices were lower in high salt than low salt (all P < 0.05), however, there was no interaction effect (P = 0.507-0.996). On moving from supine to upright, sympathetic BRS remained unchanged in high salt but increased in low salt (P = 0.028 for interaction). Thus, salt loading diminishes the responsiveness of sympathetic BRS during orthostasis compared with salt reduction in healthy premenopausal women with prior normal pregnancy. Whether this is one underlying mechanism for salt-induced development of hypertension during ambulation remains to be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R260-R270
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume321
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Head-up tilt
  • Salt
  • Sympathetic baroreflex sensitivity
  • Women with a history of normal pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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