Impact of implementation of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index on patients presenting with severe hypertension

Eva Hoffmann, Kristie Wilburn-Wren, Shena Dillon, Amarily Barahona, Donald D. McIntire, David B. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Severe hypertension remains one of the leading preventable causes of maternal mortality in the United States. Timeliness to response to severe hypertension in pregnancy is a crucial quality indicator tracked by state and national organizations. We hypothesized that the implementation of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index, a validated acuity tool, would improve care performance in women with severe hypertension in an urban, inner-city hospital setting. Objective: This study aimed to assess the impact of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index on the management of women presenting with severe preeclampsia diagnosed by severe hypertension as measured by time to provider assessment, administration of magnesium sulfate, and immediate administration of acute antihypertensives. Study Design: This was a prospective, observational study of pregnant women presenting to the labor and delivery triage unit with severe preeclampsia diagnosed by severe hypertension giving birth at a large urban inner-city academic facility before (epoch 1: January 1, 2019, to December 31, 2019) and after (epoch 2: March 1, 2021, to September 31, 2021) the implementation of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index. Baseline outcomes of time to assessment, time to magnesium sulfate prophylaxis, and time to antihypertensive medication administration before the implementation of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index were assessed. The Maternal-Fetal Triage Index tool was implemented on March 1, 2021, following standardized education in 2020 for all triage nurses, unit technicians, healthcare unit coordinators, and healthcare providers. Time to assessment, administration of magnesium sulfate prophylaxis, and time to antihypertensive administration after the implementation of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index were compared with measures before the implementation of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index. Statistical analysis included Wilcoxon rank-sum test with P<.05 considered significant when comparing epoch 1 with epoch 2. Results: A total of 370 patients were admitted with severe hypertension in 2019 before the use of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index, and 254 patients were admitted with severe hypertension in 2021 after the implementation of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index. There was no difference between epochs across baseline characteristics, including age, race and ethnicity, parity, and body mass index. After the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index was implemented, the time to provider assessment was significantly improved, from a median time of 44 minutes (interquartile range, 0–65) in epoch 1 to 17 minutes (interquartile range, 0–39) in epoch 2 (P<.001). Furthermore, the time from arrival to magnesium sulfate prophylaxis was significantly faster with a median time of 161 minutes (interquartile range, 109–256) in epoch 1 vs 127 minutes (interquartile range, 85–258) in epoch 2 (P=.001). Moreover, there was a decrease in the time from arrival to antihypertensive medication administration for severe blood pressures after the implementation of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index (101 minutes [interquartile range, 61–177] vs 66 minutes [interquartile range, 35–203]; P<.001). Conclusion: The implementation of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index at a large urban inner-city hospital was associated with improved timeliness of assessment and treatment of women with severe hypertension. The Maternal-Fetal Triage Index is a viable tool to improve the efficiency in triage units, specifically in the management of severe hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • abruption
  • antihypertensives
  • blood pressure
  • hydralazine
  • labetalol
  • labor and delivery
  • magnesium sulfate
  • metrics
  • nursing
  • preeclampsia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of implementation of the Maternal-Fetal Triage Index on patients presenting with severe hypertension'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this