Atrioventricular conduction disturbances requiring implantation of permanent pacemaker (PPM) are a common complication following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Previous registry data are conflicting but suggestive of an increased risk in heart failure admissions in the post-TAVI PPM cohort. Given the expanding use of TAVI, the present study evaluates the effects of chronic right ventricular pacing (RV pacing) in post-TAVI patients. This is a single-center study of 672 patients who underwent TAVI from 2011 to 2017 of which 146 underwent PPM. Follow-up 1-year post-TAVI outcome data were available for 55 patients and were analyzed retrospectively. Patients who underwent PPM were more likely to have heart failure admissions (17.1% vs 10.1%; hazard ratio [HR] 1.70; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.10 to 2.64; p 0.019) and a trend toward increased mortality (21.9% vs 15.4%; HR 1.42; 95% CI 0.99 to 2.05; p 0.062). At 1-year follow-up, 30 of 55 (54.5%) patients demonstrated >40% RV pacing. Compared with patients who had <40% RV pacing, those with >40% RV pacing were more likely to have heart failure admissions (8% vs 40%; HR 5.0; 95% CI 1.23 to 20.27; p 0.007) and demonstrated a trend toward increased mortality (12% vs 33.3%; HR 2.78; 95% CI 0.86 to 9.00; p 0.064). This is suggestive that the post-TAVI PPM cohort is particularly sensitive to chronic RV pacing.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine