Impact of social determinants of health, health literacy, self-perceived risk, and trust in the emergency physician on compliance with follow-up

James Sutton, Leon Gu, Deborah B. Diercks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with "low-risk" acute coronary syndrome (ACS) symptoms can be discharged with outpatient follow-up. However, follow-up compliance is low for unknown nonclinical reasons. We hypothesized that a patient's social factors, health literacy, self-perceived risk, and trust in the emergency physician may impact follow-up compliance. Methods: This was a prospective study of a convenience sample of discharged ED patients presenting with chest pain and given a follow-up appointment prior to departing the ED. Patients were asked about social and demographic factors and to estimate their own risk for heart disease; they also completed the Short Assessment of Health Literacy-English (SAHL-E) and the Trust in Physician Scale (TiPS). Results: We enrolled146 patients with a follow-up rate of 36.3%. Patients who had a low self-perceived heart disease risk (10% or less) were significantly less likely to attend follow-up than those with a higher perceived risk (23% vs 44%, P = 0.01). Other factors did not significantly predict follow-up rates. Conclusion: In an urban county ED, in patients who were deemed low risk for ACS and discharged, only self-perception of risk was associated with compliance with a follow-up appointment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)667-671
Number of pages5
JournalWestern Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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