Purpose: The etiology of early-onset scoliosis (EOS) has been shown to significantly influence baseline parent-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures as assessed by the Early Onset Scoliosis Questionnaire (EOSQ). We sought to assess the influence of distraction-based surgery and scoliosis etiology on EOSQ 2 years following surgical intervention remains unclear. Methods: A retrospective review of a multi-center prospective EOS database was performed. Children untreated with distraction-based, growth friendly instrumentation for EOS with completed baseline and 2-year post-surgical EOSQ were included. Children were subdivided by curve etiology individually and in combined cohorts (congenital/idiopathic [C/I], neuromuscular/syndromic [NMS]). EOSQ domains and compositive HRQoL score at presentation and 2-year follow-up were compared across C-EOS etiologies. Minimal clinically important difference (MCID) was defined as ≥ 20% change in domain score and compared across etiologies. Results: 150 children with EOS met inclusion criteria (mean 7.09 ± 2.6 years, 58.9% female). There were no differences in EOSQ domains between Congenital vs. Idiopathic nor NM vs. Syndromic etiologies at any timepoint. Combined C/I children demonstrated significantly higher EOSQ scores than combined NMS at initial and 2-years post-treatment. Etiology remained the only independent predictor of 2-year EOSQ composite HRQoL score. Overall, the vast majority of children demonstrated stable HRQoL composite scores, with a trend toward more positive MCID in NMS etiologies. Conclusion: EOS etiology remains the most significant influence on EOSQ scores 2 years following surgical intervention. However, the majority of patients, regardless of etiology, maintain stable HRQoL scores suggesting that surgery may only serve to stabilize HRQoL at 2 years.
- Early onset scoliosis
- Growth-friendly instrumentation
- Health related quality of life
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine