Impact of the Number of Cores on the Prostate Cancer Detection Rate in Men Undergoing in-Bore Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Targeted Biopsies

Naveen Subramanian, Debora Z. Recchimuzzi, Yin Xi, Alberto Diaz De Leon III, Heng Chen, Donglu Xie, Kenneth Goldberg, Neil M. Rofsky, Ivan Pedrosa, Daniel N. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incremental detection rate of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) provided by sequential cores during in-bore magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided prostate biopsies. METHODS: Single-center, retrospective interpretation of prospectively acquired data in men without previous diagnosis of csPCa who underwent in-bore MRI-guided prostate biopsy between May 2017 and December 2019. Endpoints included detection of csPCa (grade group [GG] ≥ 2) and rate of GG upgrade provided by additional cores. Descriptive statistics presented as mean and standard deviation for the continuous variables, and frequency and percentage for the categorical variables. RESULTS: Four hundred and forty-three men with 747 lesions met eligibility criteria. Clinically significant prostate cancer was detected in 43.1% (322/747) of the biopsied lesions and GG 2 PCa or greater was identified by the first core in 78.3% (252/322) of them. On a per-core basis, cores 2, 3, 4, and 5 found new csPCa in 6% (42/744), 4% (26/719), 1% (2/137), and 0% (0/11) of the cases. Core biopsy 2, 3, 4, and 5 resulted in GG upgrade in 12% (91/744), 7% (49/719), 7% (9/137), and 0% (0/11) of the lesions, respectively. Each additional core was associated with a mean increase of 5 minutes in the duration of the biopsy. CONCLUSIONS: In men undergoing in-bore MRI-guided prostate biopsies, 3 targeted cores per lesion provide an optimal trade-off between detection of clinically significant tumors and biopsy duration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-209
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of computer assisted tomography
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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