Stimulation of the type 1 IL-1R (IL-1R1) and the IL-18R by their cognate ligands induces recruitment of the IL-1R-associated kinase (IRAK). Activation of IRAK leads in turn to nuclear translocation of NF-κB, which directs expression of innate and adaptive immune response genes. To study IRAK function in cytokine signaling, we generated cells and mice lacking the IRAK protein. IRAK-deficient fibroblasts show diminished activation of NF-κB when stimulated with IL- 1. Immune effector cells without IRAK exhibit a defective IFN-γ response to costimulation with IL-18. Furthermore, mice lacking the Irak gene demonstrate an attenuated response to injected IL-1. Deletion of Irak, however, does not affect the ability of mice to develop delayed-type hypersensitivity or clear infection with the intracellular parasite, Listeria monocytogenes. These results demonstrate that although IRAK participates in IL-1 and IL-18 signal transduction, residual cytokine responsiveness operates through an IRAK-independent pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jul 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy