Objective: The objective of this study was to define the efficacy and complications of implantable venous access devices (IVADs) in children with hemophilia. Study design: Records were reviewed on all patients with congenital blood coagulation disorders monitored at two children's hospitals in whom one or more central venous catheters had been placed. Results: Since 1989 external and implantable central venous catheters have been inserted to enhance venous access for regular factor concentrate infusion in 45 patients with hemophilia ranging in age from 8 months to 19.5 years (media 7.4 years); 37 patients had factor VIII deficiency and 8 factor IX deficiency. Hemorrhagic complications of catheter placement were infrequent and minor. In the 41 patients having one or more IVADs in place for a median of 31 months, only six episodes of bacteremia occurred in 5 patients during 44,070 days of follow-up. The overall rate of bacteremia complicating IVADs in these patients was 0.14 episodes per 1000 catheter days. Other catheter-related complications were uncommon. Catheters are still in place in 33 patients for a median of 32 months. Conclusion: The low risk of infection and other complications associated with the use of IVADs make the use of these devices attractive in the treatment of patients with hemophilia who require frequent venous access for factor concentrate infusions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health