OBJECTIVE To evaluate effects of the dual sodium–glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 1 and SGLT2 inhibitor sotagliflozin in combination with insulin on glucose time in range (TIR) and glucose excursions, postprandial glucose (PPG), and other glycemic metrics in adults with type 1 diabetes using masked continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Data sets from the inTandem1 (clinical trial reg. no. NCT02384941) and inTandem2 (clinical trial reg. no. NCT02421510) double-blind randomized trials evaluating sotagliflozin versus placebo in adults with type 1 diabetes treated with optimized insulin were pooled for analyses of masked CGM data from a subset of participants in each trial. The pooled cohort included patients randomized to receive placebo (n = 93), sotagliflozin 200 mg (n = 89), or sotagliflozin 400 mg (n = 96). The primary outcome was change from baseline to week 24 in glucose TIR (3.9–10.0 mmol/L [70–180 mg/dL]). Secondary end points included time below and above the target range and 2-h PPG level assessed after a standardized mixed meal. RESULTS Mean percentage of glucose TIR/percentage time spent at <3.9 mmol/L (<70 mg/dL) during week 24 was 51.6%/5.9%, 57.8%/5.5%, and 64.2%/5.5% with placebo, sotagliflozin 200 mg, and sotagliflozin 400 mg, respectively, which corresponded to a placebo-adjusted change from a baseline of +5.4%/20.3% (P = 0.026; +1.3/20.1 h/day) for sotagliflozin 200 mg and +11.7%/20.1% (P < 0.001; +2.8/20.02 h/day) for sotagliflozin 400 mg. Placebo-adjusted PPG reductions were 1.9 6 0.7 mmol/L (35 6 13 mg/dL; P = 0.004) and 2.8 6 0.7 mmol/L (50 6 13 mg/dL; P < 0.001) with sotagliflozin 200 and 400 mg, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Combined with optimized insulin in type 1 diabetes, sotagliflozin significantly increased glucose TIR without increasing time spent at <3.9 mmol/L and reduced PPG, thereby improving glycemic control.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing