Impulsivity is associated with treatment non-completion in cocaine- and methamphetamine-dependent patients but differs in nature as a function of stimulant-dependence diagnosis

Theresa Winhusen, Daniel Lewis, Bryon Adinoff, Gregory Brigham, Frankie Kropp, Dennis M. Donovan, Cindy L. Seamans, Candace C. Hodgkins, Jessica C. DiCenzo, Christopher L. Botero, Davina R. Jones, Eugene Somoza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Greater impulsivity, assessed by the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11) and Stroop interference scores, has been associated with treatment completion in cocaine-dependent patients. This study evaluated the relationships among impulsivity, stimulant-dependence diagnosis, and treatment completion. Six sites evaluating 12-step facilitation for stimulant abusers obtained the BIS-11 and Stroop from 182 methamphetamine- and/or cocaine-dependent participants. Methamphetamine-dependent, relative to cocaine-dependent, participants evidenced significantly greater BIS-11 non-planning and total scores. There was a trend for poorer response inhibition, measured by the Stroop, in cocaine-dependent, relative to methamphetamine-dependent, participants. Accounting for other factors related to treatment completion, BIS-11 motor score, assessing the tendency to act without thinking, predicted treatment completion for both cocaine-dependent and methamphetamine-dependent patients. These results suggest that methamphetamine-dependent and cocaine-dependent patients may have different impulsivity profiles but that the BIS-11 may be useful in identifying both methamphetamine-dependent and cocaine-dependent patients who are at risk for treatment non-completion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-547
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Fingerprint

Methamphetamine
Impulsive Behavior
Cocaine
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Barratt Impulsiveness Scale
  • Impulsivity
  • Stimulant dependence
  • Stroop

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Impulsivity is associated with treatment non-completion in cocaine- and methamphetamine-dependent patients but differs in nature as a function of stimulant-dependence diagnosis. / Winhusen, Theresa; Lewis, Daniel; Adinoff, Bryon; Brigham, Gregory; Kropp, Frankie; Donovan, Dennis M.; Seamans, Cindy L.; Hodgkins, Candace C.; DiCenzo, Jessica C.; Botero, Christopher L.; Jones, Davina R.; Somoza, Eugene.

In: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, Vol. 44, No. 5, 05.2013, p. 541-547.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Winhusen, T, Lewis, D, Adinoff, B, Brigham, G, Kropp, F, Donovan, DM, Seamans, CL, Hodgkins, CC, DiCenzo, JC, Botero, CL, Jones, DR & Somoza, E 2013, 'Impulsivity is associated with treatment non-completion in cocaine- and methamphetamine-dependent patients but differs in nature as a function of stimulant-dependence diagnosis', Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 541-547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2012.12.005
Winhusen, Theresa ; Lewis, Daniel ; Adinoff, Bryon ; Brigham, Gregory ; Kropp, Frankie ; Donovan, Dennis M. ; Seamans, Cindy L. ; Hodgkins, Candace C. ; DiCenzo, Jessica C. ; Botero, Christopher L. ; Jones, Davina R. ; Somoza, Eugene. / Impulsivity is associated with treatment non-completion in cocaine- and methamphetamine-dependent patients but differs in nature as a function of stimulant-dependence diagnosis. In: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2013 ; Vol. 44, No. 5. pp. 541-547.
@article{49363bf05e5444599741f8ca42cb556a,
title = "Impulsivity is associated with treatment non-completion in cocaine- and methamphetamine-dependent patients but differs in nature as a function of stimulant-dependence diagnosis",
abstract = "Greater impulsivity, assessed by the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11) and Stroop interference scores, has been associated with treatment completion in cocaine-dependent patients. This study evaluated the relationships among impulsivity, stimulant-dependence diagnosis, and treatment completion. Six sites evaluating 12-step facilitation for stimulant abusers obtained the BIS-11 and Stroop from 182 methamphetamine- and/or cocaine-dependent participants. Methamphetamine-dependent, relative to cocaine-dependent, participants evidenced significantly greater BIS-11 non-planning and total scores. There was a trend for poorer response inhibition, measured by the Stroop, in cocaine-dependent, relative to methamphetamine-dependent, participants. Accounting for other factors related to treatment completion, BIS-11 motor score, assessing the tendency to act without thinking, predicted treatment completion for both cocaine-dependent and methamphetamine-dependent patients. These results suggest that methamphetamine-dependent and cocaine-dependent patients may have different impulsivity profiles but that the BIS-11 may be useful in identifying both methamphetamine-dependent and cocaine-dependent patients who are at risk for treatment non-completion.",
keywords = "Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, Impulsivity, Stimulant dependence, Stroop",
author = "Theresa Winhusen and Daniel Lewis and Bryon Adinoff and Gregory Brigham and Frankie Kropp and Donovan, {Dennis M.} and Seamans, {Cindy L.} and Hodgkins, {Candace C.} and DiCenzo, {Jessica C.} and Botero, {Christopher L.} and Jones, {Davina R.} and Eugene Somoza",
year = "2013",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.jsat.2012.12.005",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
pages = "541--547",
journal = "Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment",
issn = "0740-5472",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impulsivity is associated with treatment non-completion in cocaine- and methamphetamine-dependent patients but differs in nature as a function of stimulant-dependence diagnosis

AU - Winhusen, Theresa

AU - Lewis, Daniel

AU - Adinoff, Bryon

AU - Brigham, Gregory

AU - Kropp, Frankie

AU - Donovan, Dennis M.

AU - Seamans, Cindy L.

AU - Hodgkins, Candace C.

AU - DiCenzo, Jessica C.

AU - Botero, Christopher L.

AU - Jones, Davina R.

AU - Somoza, Eugene

PY - 2013/5

Y1 - 2013/5

N2 - Greater impulsivity, assessed by the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11) and Stroop interference scores, has been associated with treatment completion in cocaine-dependent patients. This study evaluated the relationships among impulsivity, stimulant-dependence diagnosis, and treatment completion. Six sites evaluating 12-step facilitation for stimulant abusers obtained the BIS-11 and Stroop from 182 methamphetamine- and/or cocaine-dependent participants. Methamphetamine-dependent, relative to cocaine-dependent, participants evidenced significantly greater BIS-11 non-planning and total scores. There was a trend for poorer response inhibition, measured by the Stroop, in cocaine-dependent, relative to methamphetamine-dependent, participants. Accounting for other factors related to treatment completion, BIS-11 motor score, assessing the tendency to act without thinking, predicted treatment completion for both cocaine-dependent and methamphetamine-dependent patients. These results suggest that methamphetamine-dependent and cocaine-dependent patients may have different impulsivity profiles but that the BIS-11 may be useful in identifying both methamphetamine-dependent and cocaine-dependent patients who are at risk for treatment non-completion.

AB - Greater impulsivity, assessed by the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11) and Stroop interference scores, has been associated with treatment completion in cocaine-dependent patients. This study evaluated the relationships among impulsivity, stimulant-dependence diagnosis, and treatment completion. Six sites evaluating 12-step facilitation for stimulant abusers obtained the BIS-11 and Stroop from 182 methamphetamine- and/or cocaine-dependent participants. Methamphetamine-dependent, relative to cocaine-dependent, participants evidenced significantly greater BIS-11 non-planning and total scores. There was a trend for poorer response inhibition, measured by the Stroop, in cocaine-dependent, relative to methamphetamine-dependent, participants. Accounting for other factors related to treatment completion, BIS-11 motor score, assessing the tendency to act without thinking, predicted treatment completion for both cocaine-dependent and methamphetamine-dependent patients. These results suggest that methamphetamine-dependent and cocaine-dependent patients may have different impulsivity profiles but that the BIS-11 may be useful in identifying both methamphetamine-dependent and cocaine-dependent patients who are at risk for treatment non-completion.

KW - Barratt Impulsiveness Scale

KW - Impulsivity

KW - Stimulant dependence

KW - Stroop

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84875063472&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84875063472&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsat.2012.12.005

DO - 10.1016/j.jsat.2012.12.005

M3 - Article

C2 - 23305820

AN - SCOPUS:84875063472

VL - 44

SP - 541

EP - 547

JO - Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

JF - Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

SN - 0740-5472

IS - 5

ER -