In-Hospital Outcomes and Trends of Endovascular Intervention vs Surgical Revascularization in Octogenarians With Peripheral Artery Disease

Homam Moussa Pacha, Yasser Al-khadra, Fahed Darmoch, Mohamad Soud, Chun Shing Kwok, Mamas A. Mamas, Said Ashraf, Yasar Sattar, Waqas Ullah, Subhash Banerjee, Salman A. Arain, Dmitriy N. Feldman, Mazen Abu-Fadel, Herbert D. Aronow, Mehdi H. Shishehbor, M. Chadi Alraies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is unknown whether endovascular intervention (EVI) is associated with superior outcomes when compared with surgical revascularization in octogenarian. National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was used to compare the outcomes of limb revascularization in octogenarians who had surgical revascularization versus EVI. The NIS database's information on PAD patients ≥80-year-old who underwent limb revascularization between 2002 and 2014 included 394,504 octogenarian patients, of which 184,926 underwent surgical revascularization (46.9%) and 209,578 underwent EVI (53.1%). Multivariate analysis was performed to examine in-hospital outcomes. Trend over time in limb revascularization utilization was examined using Cochrane-Armitage test. EVI group had lower odds of in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 0.61 [95% CI: 0.58 to 0.63], myocardial infarction (aOR: 0.84 [95% CI: 0.81 to 0.87]), stroke (aOR: 0.93 [95% CI: 0.89 to 0.96]), acute kidney injury (aOR: 0.79 [95% CI: 0.77 to 0.81]), and limb amputation (aOR: 0.77 [95% CI: 0.74 to 0.79]) compared with surgical group (p < 0.001 for all). EVI group had higher risk of bleeding (aOR: 1.20 [95% CI: 1.18 to 1.23]) and vascular complications (3.2% vs 2.7%, aOR: 1.25 [95% CI: 1.19 to 1.30]) compared with surgical group (p < 0.001 for all). Within study period, EVI utilization increased in octogenarian patients from 2.6% to 8.9% (ptrend < 0.001); whereas use of surgical revascularization decreased from 11.6% to 5.2% (ptrend < 0.001). In conclusion, the utilization of EVI in octogenarians is increasing, and associated with lower risk of in-hospital mortality and adverse cardiovascular and limb outcomes as compared with surgical revascularization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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