In vivo interaction of cis-platinum and fosfomycin on squamous cell carcinoma

James R. Tandy, Richard D. Tandy, Paul Farris, John M. Truelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis: Cis-platinum is the most frequently used chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCCA). Ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity continue to be the primary dose-limiting toxicities encountered. Fosfomycin, a broad-spectrum antibiotic, has been previously shown to be both otoprotective and nephroprotective against cis-platinum toxicity. Previous in vitro work demonstrated that fosfomycin does not inhibit the tumoricidal actions of cis- platinum. This study tests whether fosfomycin inhibits cis-platinum in vivo. Methods: An SCCA cell line was grown in vivo in four groups of nude mice, which then received no treatment, standard-dose cis-platinum, high-dose cis- platinum, or high-dose cis-platinum with fosfomycin. Results: Fosfomycin did not inhibit the tumoricidal activity of cis-platinum. Mice treated with fosfomycin also had longer survival, which is probably due to lessening of immediate cis-platinum systemic toxicity. Conclusion: This study shows that fosfomycin in combination with cis-platinum may be useful in treating advanced, and possibly relatively chemoresistant, SCCA of the head and neck.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1222-1224
Number of pages3
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume110
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2000

Keywords

  • Cis-platinum
  • Fosfomycin
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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