Incidence and management of graft erosion, wound granulation, and dyspareunia following vaginal prolapse repair with graft materials: A systematic review

Husam Abed, David D. Rahn, Lior Lowenstein, Ethan M. Balk, Jeffrey L. Clemons, Rebecca G. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

193 Scopus citations


Introduction and hypothesis This study describes the incidence, risk factors, and treatments of graft erosion, wound granulation, and dyspareunia as adverse events following vaginal repair of pelvic organ prolapse with nonabsorbable synthetic and biologic graft materials. Methods A systematic review in Medline of reports published between 1950 and November 2010 on adverse events after vaginal prolapse repairs using graft materials was carried out. Results One hundred ten studies reported on erosions with an overall rate, by meta-analysis, of 10.3%, (95% CI, 9.7 - 10.9%; range, 0 - 29.7%; synthetic, 10.3%; biological, 10.1%). Sixteen studies reported on wound granulation for a rate of 7.8%, (95% CI, 6.4 - 9.5%; range, 0 - 19.1%; synthetic, 6.8%; biological, 9.1%). Dyspareunia was described in 70 studies for a rate of 9.1%, (95% CI, 8.2 -10.0%; range, 0 - 66.7%; synthetic, 8.9%; biological, 9.6%). Conclusions Erosions, wound granulation, and dyspareunia may occur after vaginal prolapse repair with graft materials, though rates vary widely across studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)789-798
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2011



  • Dyspareunia
  • Erosion
  • Granulation
  • Pelvic organ prolapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

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