Background: Arterial access dissections may complicate cardiac catheterization and can often be treated percutaneously. The goal of this study was to examine the incidence, consequences, and the treatment of arterial access dissections at a tertiary referral hospital with an active training program. Methods: Patients experiencing arterial access dissection during coronary angiography or intervention at our institution between October 1, 2004, and January 31, 2007, were identified and their records were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Thirteen of the 3,062 consecutive patients (0.42%) had arterial access dissection during the study period. The location of the dissection was in the common femoral artery (CFA) (n = 6), the external iliac artery (EIA) (n = 6), or in an aortobifemoral graft (n = 1). Three of the six patients with CFA dissection were diagnosed during coronary angiography, and because of significant comorbidities were treated with self-expanding stents. After a mean follow-up of 7 months, they experienced no stent fracture or other complication. Six patients had EIA dissections. In one such patient, the dissection was not flow limiting and was treated conservatively. The remaining five patients underwent successful implantation of self-expanding stents, and during a mean follow-up of 9.6 months, no patient had any symptoms or events related to lower extremity ischemia. Finally, one patient had an aortobifemoral graft dissection. Due to the patient's critical condition, secondary to sepsis, his family elected to withdraw care, and he subsequently expired. Conclusions: Arterial access dissections occur infrequently during cardiac catheterization. Routine femoral artery angiography may help identify vascular access complications, often allowing simultaneous endovascular treatment, with excellent short-term outcomes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine