Of 577 patients, mean age 74 years, undergoing noncardiac vascular surgery, 300 (52%) had carotid endarterectomy, 179 (31%) had lower extremity revascularization, and 98 (17%) had abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Of the 577 patients, 302 (52%) were treated with statins. Perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) occurred in 18 of 302 patients (6%) treated with statins and in 38 of 275 patients (14%) not treated with statins (p=0.001). Two-year mortality occurred in 18 of 302 patients (6%) treated with statins and in 43 of 275 patients (16%) not treated with statins (p=0.0002). Perioperative MI or mortality occurred in 34 of 302 patients (11%) treated with statins and in 74 of 275 patients (27%) not treated with statins (p<0.0001). Stepwise Cox regression analysis showed that significant independent prognostic factors for perioperative MI or death were use of statins (risk ratio. =RR. =0.43, p<0.0001), use of beta blockers (RR. =0.55, p=0.002), carotid endarterectomy (RR. =0.60, p=0.009), and diabetes (RR. =1.5, p=0.045). In conclusion, patients undergoing noncardiac vascular surgery treated with statins had a 57% less chance of having perioperative MI or death at 2-year follow-up after controlling for other variables.
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair
- Beta blockers
- Carotid endarterectomy
- Lower extremity revascularization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Geriatrics and Gerontology