Inclusion of Adolescents in Clinical Trials for Sexually Transmitted Infections: A Review of Existing Registered Studies

Lily F. Hoffman, Neferterneken K. Francis, Marina Catallozzi, Jenny K.R. Francis, Lawrence R. Stanberry, Susan L. Rosenthal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations


Purpose: Despite their heightened risk of sexually transmitted infections, minor adolescents (<18 years old) are often excluded from clinical trials. The results of trials of adults should not be assumed to generalize to minors. Methods: Two public clinical trial registries were first searched using microbicide or PrEP with STD, STI, HIV, or HSV and with gel, ring, or film, and then searched using prevention/sexually transmitted diseases with gel. Studies were classified based on the information provided in the registry. Results: The searches yielded 111 unique studies. Only 9.0% (n = 10) included minors. They were under-represented in Phase 0-II studies and over-represented in studies of individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Conclusions: Minor adolescents should be included during all stages of development and before they have acquired an infection. Future studies should examine the challenges of including minor adolescents in trials and how to overcome these barriers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-578
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2016



  • Adolescent
  • Clinical trials
  • Sexual health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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