Increased left ventricular mass is a risk factor for the development of a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction within five years: The Cardiovascular Health Study

Mark H. Drazner, J. Eduardo Rame, Emily K. Marino, John S. Gottdiener, Dalane W. Kitzman, Julius M. Gardin, Teri A. Manolio, Daniel L. Dries, David S. Siscovick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

233 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives Our aim in this study was to determine whether increased left ventricular mass (LVM) is a risk factor for the development of a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Background Prior studies have shown that increased LVM is a risk factor for heart failure but not whether it is a risk factor for a low LVEF. Methods As part of the Cardiovascular Health Study, a prospective population-based longitudinal study, we performed echocardiograms upon participant enrollment and again at follow-up of 4.9 ± 0.14 years. In the present analysis, we identified 3,042 participants who had at baseline a normal LVEF and an assessment of LVM (either by electrocardiogram or echocardiogram), and at follow-up a measurable LVEF. The frequency of the development of a qualitatively depressed LVEF on two-dimensional echocardiography, corresponding approximately to an LVEF <55%, was analyzed by quartiles of baseline LVM. Multivariable regression determined whether LVM was independently associated with the development of depressed LVEF. Results Baseline quartile of echocardiographic LVM indexed to body surface area was associated with development of a depressed LVEF (4.8% in quartile 1, 4.4% in quartile 2, 7.5% in quartile 3, and 14.1% in quartile 4 [p < 0.001]). A similar relationship was seen in the subgroup of participants without myocardial infarction (p < 0.001). In multivariable regression that adjusted for confounders, both baseline echocardiographic (p < 0.001) and electrocardiographic (p < 0.001) LVM remained associated with development of depressed LVEF. Conclusions Increased LVM as assessed by electrocardiography or echocardiography is an independent risk factor for the development of depressed LVEF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2207-2215
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 16 2004

Keywords

  • BSA
  • CHS
  • CI
  • Cardiovascular Health Study
  • FS
  • LV
  • LVEF
  • LVM
  • body surface area
  • confidence interval
  • fractional shortening
  • left ventricular
  • left ventricular ejection fraction
  • left ventricular mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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