INCREASED LEVELS OF UNSCHEDULED DNA SYNTHESIS IN UV‐IRRADIATED HUMAN FIBROBLASTS PRETREATED WITH SODIUM BUTYRATE

J. I. Williams, E. C. Friedberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pretreatment of growing normal and xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) human fibroblasts with sodium butyrate at concentrations of 5‐20 mM results in increased levels of DNA repair synthesis measured by autoradiography after exposure of the cells to 254 nm UV radiation in the fluence range 0‐25 J/m2. The phenomenon manifests as an increased extent and an increased initial rate of unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS). This experimental result is not due to an artifact of autoradiography related to cell size. Xeroderma pigmentosum cells from complementation groups A, C, D and E and XP variant cells all exhibit increases in the levels of UV‐induced UDS in response to sodium butyrate proportional to those observed with normal cells. These UDS increases associated with butyrate pretreatment correlate with demonstrable changes in intracellular thymidine pool size and suggest that sodium butyrate enhances uptake of exogenous radiolabeled thymidine during UV‐induced repair synthesis by reducing endogenous levels of thymidine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-427
Number of pages5
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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