Plasma interleukin-1 (IL-1) activity is modulated in part through the simultaneous appearance of several inhibitors of IL-1 action, including interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) and the soluble IL-1 type II receptor (IL-1RII). However, little is known concerning the plasma appearance of these inhibitors in patients following operative trauma or those with sepsis syndrome. In the present report, plasma IL-1β, IL-1ra, and soluble IL-1RI arid IL-1RII concentrations were evaluated in 118 patients with sepsis syndrome or after elective operative trauma. Plasma concentrations of IL-1ra increased significantly following elective operative repair of thoraco- abdominal and abdominal aortic aneurysms, and after bowel resection for inflammatory bowel disease, but did not increase after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Plasma IL-1ra levels were also elevated in patients with sepsis syndrome. In contrast, soluble IL-1RII levels were only increased in patients after operative repair of thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms and in sepsis syndrome, whereas concentrations were unaffected by the other more modest surgical procedures. Plasma IL-1RI concentrations decreased in all postoperative patients in the first 24 hours after surgery. We conclude that both plasma IL-1ra and soluble IL-1RII concentrations often increase in sepsis and following some operative trauma. Less severe operative trauma increases the plasma concentration of only IL-1ra, whereas both IL-1ra and soluble IL-1RII are increased in patients with sepsis syndrome or following thoraco-abdominal aneurysm repair.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Apr 15 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology