Background: The characteristics and prognostic value of the variability of premature ventricular contraction (PVC) coupling intervals (CIs) for cardiac mortality are not yet decisive. Methods and Results: In 133 consecutive patients (58±14 years old, 53 women) who had left ventricular dysfunction (LVD: ejection fraction <50%) and frequent PVCs (≥10/h) who underwent 24-h ambulatory electrocardiography (AECG) recording and123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine myocardial single-photon emission computed tomography simultaneously, the heart rate turbulence onset, slope, and T-wave alternans were analyzed from the 24-h AECG. The CI of the PVCs (MEANNV), standard deviation of the CI of the PVCs (SDNV) as an index of the variability of the PVC CI, and their ratio to the preceding N-N intervals (SDNV/SDNN) were calculated from constructed Poincaré plots using the annotated 24-h AECG QRS data. The primary endpoint was cardiac mortality. The mean follow-up period was 63 months. Among 133 patients, 114 survived (group 1) and 19 (14%, group 2) died during the follow-up. The MEANNV and SDNV were higher in group 2 (539±104 vs. 599±114 ms, P=0.021; 64±34 vs. 83±37 ms, P=0.022, respectively). The SDNV, PVC count, and delayed heart/mediastinum ratio remained as significant predictors of cardiac mortality in the binary logistic regression analysis. Conclusions: These results suggest that the SDNV could be another adjunctive parameter for predicting cardiac mortality in LVD.
- Cardiac mortality
- Coupling interval
- Left ventricular dysfunction
- Premature ventricular contractions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine