Objective: This phase H trial assessed the feasibility, as measured by response rate, toxicity, resectability rate, and surgical morbidity and mortality rates, of perioperative paclitaxel and carboplatin chemotherapy in patients with early-stage non-small cell lung carcinoma. Methods: All patients required negative mediastinoscopy results and adequate medical parameters to undergo induction chemotherapy and an operation. Superior sulcus patients were excluded. Chemotherapy consisted of paclitaxel 225 mg/m2 over 3 hours and carboplatin (area under the curve = 6) every 21 days for 2 cycles preoperatively. Three postoperative cycles of chemotherapy were planned for patients undergoing complete resection. Results: Between June 1996 and July 1998, 94 patients were entered into the study. Sixty-five (69%) were men, and the median age was 64 years (range, 34-79 years). After induction chemotherapy, 53 of 94 (56%; 95% confidence interval, 46%-67%) had a major objective response, 88 (94%) underwent surgical exploration, and 81 (86%; 95% confidence interval, 78%-92%) underwent complete resection. Reasons for not undergoing an operation included disease progression (n = 3), clinically unresectable status (n = 1), death (n = 1), and patient lost to follow-up (n = 1). Two postoperative deaths occurred. Six (6%; 95% confidence interval, 0%-13%) pathologic complete responses were observed. Ninety (96%) patients received the planned preoperative chemotherapy versus 45% receiving postoperative chemotherapy. No unexpected chemotherapy or surgical morbidity occurred. The 1-year survival is currently estimated at 85%, and the median survival has not yet been reached. Conclusions: Induction chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin is feasible and produces a high response rate with acceptable morbidity and mortality rates in early-stage non-small cell lung carcinoma. A prospective randomized trial comparing 3 cycles of induction chemotherapy and surgery with surgery alone in early-stage non-small cell lung carcinoma is planned.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine