A recessive phenotype called spin (spontaneous inflammation) was induced by N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) mutagenesis in C57BL/6J mice. Homozygotes display chronic inflammatory lesions affecting the feet, salivary glands and lungs, and antichromatin antibodies. They are immunocompetent and show enhanced resistance to infection by Listeria monocytogenes. TLR-induced TNF and IL-1 production are normal in macrophages derived from spin mice. The autoinflammatory phenotype of spin mice is fully suppressed by compound homozygosity for Myd88poc, Irak4otiose, and Il1r1-null mutations, but not Ticam1Lps2, Stat1m1Btlr, or Tnf-null mutations. Both autoimmune and autoinflammatory phenotypes are suppressed when spin homozygotes are derived into a germ-free environment. The spin phenotype was ascribed to a viable hypomorphic allele of Ptpn6, which encodes the tyrosine phosphatase SHP1, mutated in mice with the classical motheaten alleles me and me-v. Inflammation and autoimmunity caused by SHP1 deficiency are thus conditional. The SHP1-deficient phenotype is driven by microbes, which activate TLR signaling pathways to elicit IL-1 production. IL-1 signaling via MyD88 elicits inflammatory disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Sep 30 2008|
- Toll-like receptors
ASJC Scopus subject areas