Inflammatory-mediated model of cerebral palsy with developmental sequelae

Laura Toso, Sarah Poggi, Jane Park, Haim Einat, Robin Roberson, Veronica Dunlap, Jade Woodard, Daniel Abebe, Catherine Y. Spong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by motor deficits. There is increasing evidence that CP may result from inflammatory and infection-mediated white matter damage. Our objective was to develop an inflammatory model for CP based on chronic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure with a recognizable phenotype in offspring. Study design: On gestational days 15, 17, and 19 (∼ 28-36 wks human gestation; rat length of gestation is 21 days), pregnant rats were intracervically injected with 0.15 mg/kg LPS (in 0.1 mL saline) or 0.1 mL saline for controls. Neonatal tests for sensory-motor milestones were performed on postnatal days 1 to 21 (LPS n = 25; control n = 26). Adult males were tested at 8 weeks on open field and rotarod for motor activity. Immunohistochemistry studies were performed to assess olygodendrocyte (OL) damage. Statistical analysis included Mann-Whitney U and analysis of variance (ANOVA) with P < .05 considered significant. Results: Immunohistochemistry revealed a decrease in the immature OL marker PLP on day 21 (P = .03) in LPS-exposed offspring, and an increase of the mature OL marker CNP on day 21 and at 8 weeks (P < .01, P < .001). LPS-exposed offspring were delayed achieving 3 motor milestones: negative geotaxis (P < .05), cliff aversion (P < .01), and surface righting (P = .05). They were also delayed in eye opening (P < .01). There was no difference between the 2 groups for the other tests. There was a trend towards decreased mean speed in LPS-exposed adults in open field testing (P = .08), but no differences observed in rotarod testing. Conclusion: Using an animal model for CP that mimics a chronic intrauterine inflammation that results in decreased levels of PLP, a marker for early oligodendrocytes consistent with white matter damage, we have demonstrated a phenotype relevant to the human CP manifestations in the neonatal period. Nevertheless, adult animals were able to compensate to the damage. Further refinement is needed to improve the understanding of pathogenesis, as well as allow for testing preventative therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)933-941
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume193
Issue number3 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Periventricular leukomalacia
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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  • Cite this

    Toso, L., Poggi, S., Park, J., Einat, H., Roberson, R., Dunlap, V., Woodard, J., Abebe, D., & Spong, C. Y. (2005). Inflammatory-mediated model of cerebral palsy with developmental sequelae. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 193(3 SUPPL.), 933-941. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2005.05.072