The regiospecificity of arachidonic acid oxygenation, catalyzed by rat liver microsomal fractions in the presence of NADPH, can be altered by animal pretreatment with a fibric acid type of hypolipidemic drug, ciprofibrate. While microsomal fractions isolated from either control or phenobarbital-treated animals oxygenate arachidonic acid to mainly epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), animal pretreatment with ciprofibrate results in an eightfold stimulation of ω and ω-1 oxidation, concomitant with a net decrease in the formation of both HETEs and EETs. The isomeric composition of the EETs and of the ω and ω-1 oxidation products formed is also dependent on the type of animal pretreatment. Associated decreases in the amounts of HETEs and the rate of hydrogen peroxide formation suggests a modification of the "uncoupler action" of arachidonic acid during the function of different cytochromes P-450.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology