Influence of late-stage chronic kidney disease on overall survival in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma following radical nephroureterectomy

Sheng Chen Wen, Wen Jeng Wu, Ching Chia Li, Chun Nung Huang, Hung Lung Ke, Wei Ming Li, Hsin Chih Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The prevalence of both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) in Taiwan is unusually high, and we aimed to investigate the impact of preoperative renal function on UTUC after radical nephroureterectomy. Materials and methods: Between 2000 and 2013, 248 UTUC patients were enrolled in this retrospective study after excluding patients who had concomitant muscle-invasive bladder cancer, whose tumor metastasized at initial presentation, and who received perioperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The significance of CKD on overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and bladder recurrence-free survival (BRFS) was evaluated by Cox proportional hazard model. Results: The median follow-up time was 45.41 months. Overall 5-year OS, CSS, and BRFS rates were 78.27%, 87.81%, and 70.42%, respectively. Aging, late-stage CKD, and nonorgan-confined primary tumor stage were independent predictors for OS after adjustment. Nonorgan-confined primary tumor stage and lymph node involvement were two independent predictors for CSS after adjustment. Concomitant bladder tumor was the only significant predictor for BRFS after adjustment. Conclusion: Patients with late-stage CKD had a higher risk of having poor OS. Patients with concomitant bladder tumor had a greater risk of having bladder cancer recurrence despite primary tumor stage. Concomitant bladder tumor, however, had no effect on OS and CSS in this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-124
Number of pages5
JournalUrological Science
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bladder cancer recurrence
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Late-stage renal disease
  • Nephroureterectomy
  • Overall survival
  • Prognosis
  • Urothelial carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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