Influence of myosin isoforms on contractile properties of intact muscle fibers from Rana pipiens

Gordon J. Lutz, Shashank R. Sirsi, Sarah A. Shapard-Palmer, Shannon N. Bremner, Richard L. Lieber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The myosin heavy chain (MHC) and myosin light chain (MLC) isoforms in skeletal muscle of Rana pipiens have been well characterized. We measured the force-velocity (F-V) properties of single intact fast-twitch fibers from R. pipiens that contained MHC types 1 or 2 (MHC1 or MHC2) or coexpressed MHC1 and MHC2 isoforms. Velocities were measured between two surface markers that spanned most of the fiber length. MHC and MLC isoform content was quantified after mechanics analysis by SDS-PAGE. Maximal shortening velocity (Vmax) and velocity at half-maximal tension (Vp 50) increased with percentage of MHC1 (%MHC1). Maximal specific tension (PCSA, where Po is isometric tension and CSA is fiber cross-sectional area) and maximal mechanical power (Wmax) also increased with %MHC1. MHC concentration was not significantly correlated with %MHC1, indicating that the influence of %MHC1 on PCSA and Wmax was due to intrinsic differences between MHC isoforms and not to concentration. The MLC3-to-MLC1 ratio was not significantly correlated with Vmax, Vp 50, PCSA, or Wmax. These data demonstrate the powerful relationship between MHC isoforms and F-V properties of the two most common R. pipiens fiber types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C835-C844
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume282
Issue number4 51-4
StatePublished - Jul 2 2002

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Keywords

  • Fiber type
  • Maximal power
  • Maximal shortening velocity
  • Mechanics
  • Specific tension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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