Human melanoma cell lines that express high constitutive levels of the metastasis-associated marker intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) were found to secrete interleukin 1 (IL-1) in vitro. Experi ments with neutralizing antibodies showed that this cytokine was respon sible for their expression of ICAM-1 but not that of two other progression/metastasis markers. Mm IN and Gp III) Ilia. The IL-1 present in melanoma-conditioned medium induced the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1, and ICAM-1 on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (ECs) in culture and increased the rate at which melanoma cells and ECs adhered to each other. IL-1-producing melanoma lines adhered significantly more rapidly to ECs than did non-IL-1-producing lines, and this enhancement was reduced by prior incubation of the melanoma cells with neutralizing anti- II -I antibodies. Similarly, endothelial cells treated with conditioned medium from IL-1-producing melanoma lines adhered significantly more rapidly to melanoma cells than did ECs treated with medium from non- IL-1-producing melanoma lines, and this enhancement was abolished by addition of anti-IL-1 antibodies to EC cultures in conditioned medium. Blocking antibodies to endothelial vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1, and ICAM-1 failed to inhibit melanoma-EC adhesion, but an antibody to tumor cell GpIIb/IIIa did block adhesion by up to 44%. The ability to secrete IL-1 could increase the metastatic potential of melanoma cells by stimulating tumor cell-EC adhesion.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Sep 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research