INTRODUCTION: In an earlier study, we demonstrated the feasibility of using electrocochleography (ECoG) to document changes in inner ear function objectively after intranasal challenge of patients with inhalant allergy (with no prior immunotherapy) and Meniere's disease, using the antigen to which they were most sensitive. OBJECTIVE: We expand on this earlier study and continue to investigate the feasibility of this model in a subset of patients with inhalant allergy and Meniere's disease after immunotherapy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of 11 patients identified with both Meniere's disease and inhalant allergy in the practices of 2 neurotologists at our institution. Patients underwent a baseline ECoG, followed by intranasal challenge with the allergen to which they were most sensitive. This was followed by a second ECoG. RESULTS: Six of 11 patients had at least 1 year of immunotherapy (group 1), and 5 of 11 had had 0 to 6 months of immunotherapy (group 2). Four of 6 group 1 patients had a > 15% increase in SP/AP ratio after immunotherapy. In group 2, 2 patients increased the SP/AP in at least 1 ear. No patient with a normal ECoG experienced vestibular symptoms after allergen challenge, whereas 2 of group 1 and 2 of group 2 had vestibular symptoms with abnormal ECoGs. CONCLUSION: This protocol is a useful tool for investigating the relationship of inhalant allergy and Meniere's disease, but needs a larger group of patients and further study to draw valid statistical conclusions.
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