Inhibition of discoidin domain receptor 1 prevents stroma-induced peritoneal metastasis in gastric Carcinoma

Hyejin Jin, In Hye Ham, Hye Jeong Oh, Cheong A. Bae, Dakeun Lee, Young Bae Kim, Sang Yong Son, Yong Joon Chwae, Sang Uk Han, Rolf A. Brekken, Hoon Hur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Discoidin domain receptor 1 (DDR1) is activated by fibrillar (triple-helical) collagens and collagen IV, which are major components of tumor stroma; thus, DDR1 might be a critical mediator of communication between cancer cells and stroma. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of DDR1 inhibition on stroma-induced peritoneal metastasis in gastric carcinoma. We analyzed by immunohistochemistry the correlation between DDR1 expression and the pattern of recurrence in gastric carcinoma tissues from a previously characterized and established gastric carcinoma patient cohort. We also cocultured human gastric carcinoma cell lines with gastric cancer- associated fibroblasts (CAF) and investigated DDR1 expression and activation. We evaluated CAF-induced tumorigenic properties of gastric carcinoma cell lines and the effect of a DDR1-specific inhibitor in organotypic cultures and in a peritoneal seeding xenograft animal model. The expression of DDR1 in gastric cancer tissues was positively associated with early recurrence (P = 0.043) and a high incidence of peritoneal recurrence (P = 0.036). We confirmed that coculturing with CAFs elevated DDR1 protein expression in gastric carcinoma cell lines and enhanced gastric carcinoma cell line spheroid formation in organotypic cultures in a tumor cell DDR1-dependent manner. Coimplantation of CAFs with gastric carcinoma cells enhanced peritoneal tumor formation in vivo, an effect that was sensitive to pharmacologic inhibition of DDR1. Implications: This study highlights that CAF-induced elevation of DDR1 expression in gastric carcinoma cells enhances peritoneal tumorigenesis, and that inhibition of DDR1 is an attractive strategy for the treatment of gastric carcinoma peritoneal metastasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1590-1600
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Jin, H., Ham, I. H., Oh, H. J., Bae, C. A., Lee, D., Kim, Y. B., Son, S. Y., Chwae, Y. J., Han, S. U., Brekken, R. A., & Hur, H. (2018). Inhibition of discoidin domain receptor 1 prevents stroma-induced peritoneal metastasis in gastric Carcinoma. Molecular Cancer Research, 16(10), 1590-1600. https://doi.org/10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-17-0710