Inhibition of potato lipoxygenase by linoleyl hydroxamic acid: Kinetic and EPR spectral evidence for a two-step reaction

Igor A. Butovich, C. Channa Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The reaction mechanism of an electrophoretically pure potato tuber lipoxygenase (ptLOX) was studied by EPR spectroscopy. An EPR spectrum of the 'native' ptLOX recorded at 4.5±0.5 K showed signals of a high-spin (pseudo) axial Fe3+ with a g-value of approx. 6.3±0.1 with a shoulder at g = 5.9±0.1, and a rhombic Fe3+ signal at g = 4.354±0.05. When the enzyme was treated with a 2-fold molar excess of 13(S)-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid [13(S)-HPODE], a 3-fold increase in the integral intensity of the g = 6.3 signal was observed, indicating that 25% of the native ptLOX iron was in ferrous state. The positional isomer 9(S)-HPODE caused similar spectral changes. Therefore the catalytic centre of ptLOX appears to accommodate both positional isomers of linoleic acid hydroperoxides in a manner that ensures proper alignment of their hydroperoxy groups with the iron centre of the enzyme. Treatment of the Fe3+-ptLOX form with a 3-fold molar excess of linoleyl hydroxamic acid (LHA) completely quenched the g = 6.3 signal. Concurrently, a dramatic increase in the signal at g = 4.35 was detected, which was attributed to a newly formed LHA-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. The spectral characteristics of the complex are similar to those of a 4-nitrocatechol-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. From these observations, we conclude that LHA did not reduce Fe3+ to Fe2+, but rather formed a LHA-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. Formation of such a complex may be responsible for the inhibitory activity of LHA, at least in the initial stages of enzyme inhibition. A prolonged 15 min incubation of the complex at 23±1°C led to the partial quenching of the g = 4.35 signal. The quenching is attributed to the reduction of Fe3+-ptLOX by LHA, with concomitant formation of its oxidation product(s). A kinetic scheme for the inhibition is proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)865-871
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume365
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2002

Fingerprint

Lipoxygenase
Solanum tuberosum
Paramagnetic resonance
Kinetics
Isomers
Quenching
Enzymes
Iron
Enzyme inhibition
linoleic acid hydroxamate
Spectrum Analysis
Spectroscopy
Oxidation
Acids

Keywords

  • Fatty acid hydroperoxides
  • Inactivation
  • Iron
  • Redox reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Inhibition of potato lipoxygenase by linoleyl hydroxamic acid : Kinetic and EPR spectral evidence for a two-step reaction. / Butovich, Igor A.; Reddy, C. Channa.

In: Biochemical Journal, Vol. 365, No. 3, 01.08.2002, p. 865-871.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Inhibition of potato lipoxygenase by linoleyl hydroxamic acid: Kinetic and EPR spectral evidence for a two-step reaction",
abstract = "The reaction mechanism of an electrophoretically pure potato tuber lipoxygenase (ptLOX) was studied by EPR spectroscopy. An EPR spectrum of the 'native' ptLOX recorded at 4.5±0.5 K showed signals of a high-spin (pseudo) axial Fe3+ with a g-value of approx. 6.3±0.1 with a shoulder at g = 5.9±0.1, and a rhombic Fe3+ signal at g = 4.354±0.05. When the enzyme was treated with a 2-fold molar excess of 13(S)-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid [13(S)-HPODE], a 3-fold increase in the integral intensity of the g = 6.3 signal was observed, indicating that 25{\%} of the native ptLOX iron was in ferrous state. The positional isomer 9(S)-HPODE caused similar spectral changes. Therefore the catalytic centre of ptLOX appears to accommodate both positional isomers of linoleic acid hydroperoxides in a manner that ensures proper alignment of their hydroperoxy groups with the iron centre of the enzyme. Treatment of the Fe3+-ptLOX form with a 3-fold molar excess of linoleyl hydroxamic acid (LHA) completely quenched the g = 6.3 signal. Concurrently, a dramatic increase in the signal at g = 4.35 was detected, which was attributed to a newly formed LHA-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. The spectral characteristics of the complex are similar to those of a 4-nitrocatechol-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. From these observations, we conclude that LHA did not reduce Fe3+ to Fe2+, but rather formed a LHA-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. Formation of such a complex may be responsible for the inhibitory activity of LHA, at least in the initial stages of enzyme inhibition. A prolonged 15 min incubation of the complex at 23±1°C led to the partial quenching of the g = 4.35 signal. The quenching is attributed to the reduction of Fe3+-ptLOX by LHA, with concomitant formation of its oxidation product(s). A kinetic scheme for the inhibition is proposed.",
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N2 - The reaction mechanism of an electrophoretically pure potato tuber lipoxygenase (ptLOX) was studied by EPR spectroscopy. An EPR spectrum of the 'native' ptLOX recorded at 4.5±0.5 K showed signals of a high-spin (pseudo) axial Fe3+ with a g-value of approx. 6.3±0.1 with a shoulder at g = 5.9±0.1, and a rhombic Fe3+ signal at g = 4.354±0.05. When the enzyme was treated with a 2-fold molar excess of 13(S)-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid [13(S)-HPODE], a 3-fold increase in the integral intensity of the g = 6.3 signal was observed, indicating that 25% of the native ptLOX iron was in ferrous state. The positional isomer 9(S)-HPODE caused similar spectral changes. Therefore the catalytic centre of ptLOX appears to accommodate both positional isomers of linoleic acid hydroperoxides in a manner that ensures proper alignment of their hydroperoxy groups with the iron centre of the enzyme. Treatment of the Fe3+-ptLOX form with a 3-fold molar excess of linoleyl hydroxamic acid (LHA) completely quenched the g = 6.3 signal. Concurrently, a dramatic increase in the signal at g = 4.35 was detected, which was attributed to a newly formed LHA-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. The spectral characteristics of the complex are similar to those of a 4-nitrocatechol-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. From these observations, we conclude that LHA did not reduce Fe3+ to Fe2+, but rather formed a LHA-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. Formation of such a complex may be responsible for the inhibitory activity of LHA, at least in the initial stages of enzyme inhibition. A prolonged 15 min incubation of the complex at 23±1°C led to the partial quenching of the g = 4.35 signal. The quenching is attributed to the reduction of Fe3+-ptLOX by LHA, with concomitant formation of its oxidation product(s). A kinetic scheme for the inhibition is proposed.

AB - The reaction mechanism of an electrophoretically pure potato tuber lipoxygenase (ptLOX) was studied by EPR spectroscopy. An EPR spectrum of the 'native' ptLOX recorded at 4.5±0.5 K showed signals of a high-spin (pseudo) axial Fe3+ with a g-value of approx. 6.3±0.1 with a shoulder at g = 5.9±0.1, and a rhombic Fe3+ signal at g = 4.354±0.05. When the enzyme was treated with a 2-fold molar excess of 13(S)-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid [13(S)-HPODE], a 3-fold increase in the integral intensity of the g = 6.3 signal was observed, indicating that 25% of the native ptLOX iron was in ferrous state. The positional isomer 9(S)-HPODE caused similar spectral changes. Therefore the catalytic centre of ptLOX appears to accommodate both positional isomers of linoleic acid hydroperoxides in a manner that ensures proper alignment of their hydroperoxy groups with the iron centre of the enzyme. Treatment of the Fe3+-ptLOX form with a 3-fold molar excess of linoleyl hydroxamic acid (LHA) completely quenched the g = 6.3 signal. Concurrently, a dramatic increase in the signal at g = 4.35 was detected, which was attributed to a newly formed LHA-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. The spectral characteristics of the complex are similar to those of a 4-nitrocatechol-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. From these observations, we conclude that LHA did not reduce Fe3+ to Fe2+, but rather formed a LHA-Fe3+-ptLOX complex. Formation of such a complex may be responsible for the inhibitory activity of LHA, at least in the initial stages of enzyme inhibition. A prolonged 15 min incubation of the complex at 23±1°C led to the partial quenching of the g = 4.35 signal. The quenching is attributed to the reduction of Fe3+-ptLOX by LHA, with concomitant formation of its oxidation product(s). A kinetic scheme for the inhibition is proposed.

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