S-petasin, a kind of sesquiterpene ester, is the anti-inflammatory and analgesic component of the butterbur (Petasites hybridus). The clinical benefit of S-petasin is the spasmolytic activity, but its side effects on the reproductive endocrinology are not clear yet. The present study was to explore the effects of S-petasin on the secretion of testosterone in vivo and in vitro. We found that single intravenous injection of S-petasin (1 μg/kg) decreased basal plasma testosterone concentration in adult male rats. The enzymatically dispersed rat testicular interstitial cells were incubated with S-petasin (0∼4.3×10 -5 M) in the presence or absence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG, 0.05 IU/ml), forskolin (adenylyl cyclase activator, 10 -5 M), and androstenedione (testosterone biosynthesis precursor, 10 -9 M) at 34°C for 1 h. The concentrations of testosterone in the incubation medium were measured by radioimmunoassay. S-petasin at 4.3×10 -7 M was effective to reduce the basal and hCG-stimulated release of testosterone in rat testicular interstitial cells. The stimulatory effects of testosterone secretion induced by forskolin and androstenedione were significantly reduced by S-petasin at 4.3×10 -5 M and 4.3×10 -6 M, respectively. These results suggest that S-petasin inhibits the production of testosterone in rat testicular interstitial cells in part through diminishing the activities of adenylyl cyclase and 17-ketosteroid reductase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Chinese Journal of Physiology|
|State||Published - Sep 30 2000|
- Testicular interstitial cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)