Initial experience with single-source dual-energy CT abdominal angiography and comparison with single-energy CT angiography: Image quality, enhancement, diagnosis and radiation dose

Daniella F. Pinho, Naveen M. Kulkarni, Arun Krishnaraj, Sanjeeva P. Kalva, Dushyant V. Sahani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To assess image quality of virtual monochromatic spectral (VMS) images, compared to single-energy (SE) CT, and to evaluate the feasibility of material density imaging in abdominal aortic disease. Methods: In this retrospective study, single-source (ss) dual-energy (DE) CT of the aorto-iliac system in 35 patients (32 male, mean age 76.5 years) was compared to SE-CT. By post-processing the data from ssDECT, VMS images at different energies and material density water (WD) images were generated. The image quality parameters were rated on 5-point scales. The aorto-iliac attenuation and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were recorded. Quality of WD images was compared to true unenhanced (TNE) images. Radiation dose was recorded and statistical analysis was performed. Results: Image quality and noise were better at 70 keV (P < 0.01). Renal artery branch visualisation was better at 50 keV (P < 0.005). Attenuation and CNR were higher at 50 and 70 keV (P < 0.0001). The WD images had diagnostic quality but higher noise than TNE images (P < 0.0001). Radiation dose was lower using single-phase ssDECT compared to dual-phase SE-CT (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: 70-keV images from ssDECT provide higher contrast enhancement and improved image quality for aorto-iliac CT when compared to SE-CT at 120 kVp. WD images are an effective substitute for TNE images with a potential for dose reduction. Key Points: • Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography is now a routine procedure. • Single-source dual-energy CT (ssDECT) can provide simultaneous data with different kilovoltages. • 70 keV images showed better image quality than conventional single-energy (SE) CT. • 70 keV images exhibited less image noise in comparison to SE-CT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-359
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • CT angiography
  • Dual-energy CT
  • Multidetector CT
  • Radiation dose
  • Unenhanced virtual images

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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