Inpatient rehabilitation experience of children with burn injuries

John C. Luce, Jacqueline Mix, Katie Mathews, Richard Goldstein, Paulette Niewczyk, Margaret A. Divita, Paul Gerrard, Robert L. Sheridan, Colleen M. Ryan, Karen Kowalske, Ross Zafonte, Jeffrey C. Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to describe the pediatric burn inpatient rehabilitation population and short-term functional outcomes using the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation. Design: This is a secondary analysis of data from the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation database between 2002 and 2011 included children younger than 18 yrs at time of admission to inpatient rehabilitation with primary diagnosis of burn injury. Demographic, medical, and functional data were evaluated. Function was assessed with the Functional Independence Measure or the WeeFIM. Results: A total of 509 children were included, of whom 124 were evaluated with Functional Independence Measure and 385 with WeeFIM. The mean age of the population was 8.6 yrs and most were boys (72%). The mean length of stay for the population was 35 days. Functional status improved significantly from admission to discharge; most gains were in the motor subscore. Most patients were discharged home (95%). Of those discharged home, most (96%) went home with family. Conclusions: Children receiving multidisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation make significant functional improvements in total functional scores and in both motor and cognitive subscores. Most patients are discharged home with family. This study advances understanding of pediatric burn postYacute care outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)436-443
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume94
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 26 2015

Keywords

  • Burns
  • Outcome Measures
  • Pediatrics
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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    Luce, J. C., Mix, J., Mathews, K., Goldstein, R., Niewczyk, P., Divita, M. A., Gerrard, P., Sheridan, R. L., Ryan, C. M., Kowalske, K., Zafonte, R., & Schneider, J. C. (2015). Inpatient rehabilitation experience of children with burn injuries. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 94(6), 436-443. https://doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000000195