Insulin receptor preserves mitochondrial function by binding VDAC1 in insulin insensitive mucosal epithelial cells

Rossella Titone, Danielle M. Robertson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Unlike many epithelial tissues, the corneal epithelium is insulin insensitive, meaning it does not require insulin for glucose uptake. In this study, we show that insulin differentially regulates mitochondrial respiration in two human mucosal epithelial cell types: insulin-insensitive corneal epithelial cells and insulin-sensitive bronchial epithelial cells. In both cell types, insulin blocks glycogen synthase kinase beta (GSK3β) activity. In the corneal epithelium however, insulin selectively regulates PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK-1)-mediated mitophagy and mitochondrial accumulation of insulin receptor (INSR). While insulin blocked basal levels of PINK-1-mediated mitophagy in bronchial epithelial cells, mitochondrial trafficking of INSR was not detectable. We further show that in corneal epithelia, INSR interacts with the voltage-dependent anion channel-1 (VDAC1) in mitochondria and that INSR knockdown triggers robust mitochondrial fragmentation, alterations in mitochondrial polarization, and blocks the induction of PINK-1-mediated mitophagy. Collectively, these data demonstrate that INSR interacts with VDAC1 to mediate mitochondrial stability. We also demonstrate unique interactions between VDAC1 and other receptor tyrosine kinases, indicating a novel role for this family of receptors in mitochondria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)754-775
Number of pages22
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • VDAC1
  • bronchial epithelial cells
  • corneal epithelial cells
  • insulin
  • mitochondria
  • receptor tyrosine kinases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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