Background: The kidney is essential for glucose and insulin metabolism. Living kidney donors (LKDs) experience a reduction in glomerular filtration rate of 25 to 30 mL/min after donor nephrectomy. Little is known about the effect of glomerular filtration rate decline on insulin sensitivity in LKDs. Methods: We conducted a prospective pilot study on 9 LKDs (N = 9) who underwent dynamic metabolic testing (mixed meal tolerance test) to measure proxies of insulin sensitivity (homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, the area under curve [AUC] for insulin/glucose ratio, and Matsuda insulin sensitivity index) before and 3 months after donor nephrectomy. The primary outcome was the change in insulin sensitivity indices (delta [post-nephrectomy – pre-nephrectomy]). Results: Four of the donors had a body mass index (BMI) between 32.0 and 36.7 predonation. Post–donor nephrectomy, compared with prenephrectomy values, median insulin AUC increased from 60.7 to 101.7 hr*mU/mL (delta median 33.3, P = .04) without significant change in median glucose AUC levels from 228.9 to 209.3 hr*mg/dL (delta median 3.2, P = .77). There was an increase in the median homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance from 2 to 2.9 (delta median 0.8, P = .03) and the AUC insulin/glucose ratio from 30.9 to 62.1 pmol/mmol (delta median 17.5, P = .001), whereas the median Matsuda insulin sensitivity index decreased from 5.9 to 2.9 (delta median −2, P = .05). The changes were more pronounced in obese (BMI >32) donors. Conclusion: LKDs appear to have a trend toward a decline in insulin sensitivity post–donor nephrectomy in the short term, especially in obese donors (BMI >32). Further investigation with a larger sample size and longer follow-up is needed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2021|
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