Intelligent parameter tuning in optimization-based iterative CT reconstruction via deep reinforcement learning

Chenyang Shen, Yesenia Gonzalez, Liyuan Chen, Steve B. Jiang, Xun Jia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A number of image-processing problems can be formulated as optimization problems. The objective function typically contains several terms specifically designed for different purposes. Parameters in front of these terms are used to control the relative weights among them. It is of critical importance to tune these parameters, as quality of the solution depends on their values. Tuning parameter is a relatively straightforward task for a human, as one can intelligently determine the direction of parameter adjustment based on the solution quality. Yet manual parameter tuning is not only tedious in many cases, but becomes impractical when a number of parameters exist in a problem. Aiming at solving this problem, this paper proposes an approach that employs deep reinforcement learning to train a system that can automatically adjust parameters in a human-like manner. We demonstrate our idea in an example problem of optimization-based iterative CT reconstruction with a pixel-wise total-variation regularization term. We set up a parameter tuning policy network (PTPN), which maps an CT image patch to an output that specifies the direction and amplitude by which the parameter at the patch center is adjusted. We train the PTPN via an end-to-end reinforcement learning procedure. We demonstrate that under the guidance of the trained PTPN for parameter tuning at each pixel, reconstructed CT images attain quality similar or better than in those reconstructed with manually tuned parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Image reconstruction
  • Inverse methods
  • Iterative methods
  • Machine learning
  • X-Ray imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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