Intensity-modulated radiation therapy reduces the dose to normal tissue in T2N0M0 squamous cell carcinoma of the glottic larynx

José A. Peñagarícano, Vaneerat Ratanatharathorn, Niko Papanikolaou, Yulong Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to compare intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and conventional planning for T2N0M0 squamous cell carcinoma (SQCC) of the glottic larynx. Three patients with T2N0M0 SQCC are presented who were treated with IMRT. Conventional plans were also generated for comparison purposes. Isodose distributions and dose-volume histograms (DVHs) were generated for all the plans to evaluate the fitness of the plan as well as the differential benefit of IMRT vs. conventional treatment. The isodose distributions that were obtained by the IMRT plan are much more conformal to the planning target volume (PTV) and clearly show that less healthy tissue is subjected to a high-dose level, thus reducing toxicity. IMRT offers better comformality without compromising the PTV coverage and delivers less dose to normal tissues as compared to conventional radiation therapy in T2N0M0 SQCC of the glottic larynx. With an increase in conformality, it is expected to have an increase in the therapeutic ratio.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-257
Number of pages4
JournalMedical Dosimetry
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

Keywords

  • Conformal avoidance
  • Glottic cancer
  • IMRT
  • Tissue sparing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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