Background Pulsed reduced dose rate (PRDR) is a reirradiation technique that potentially overcomes volume and dose limitations in the setting of previous radiation therapy for recurrent central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has not yet been reported as a PRDR delivery technique. We reviewed our IMRT PRDR outcomes and toxicity and reviewed the literature of available PRDR series for CNS reirradiation. Methods and materials A total of 24 patients with recurrent brain tumors received PRDR reirradiation between August 2012 and December 2014. Twenty-two patients were planned with IMRT. Linear accelerators delivered an effective dose rate of 0.0667 Gy/minute. Data collected included number of prior interventions, diagnosis, tumor grade, radiation therapy dose and fractionation, normal tissue dose, radiation therapy planning parameters, time to progression, overall survival, and adverse events. Results The median time to PRDR from completion of initial radiation therapy was 47.8 months (range, 11-389.1 months). The median PRDR dose was 54 Gy (range, 38-60 Gy). The mean planning target volume was 369.1 ± 177.9 cm3. The median progression-free survival and 6-month progression-free survival after PRDR treatment was 3.1 months and 31%, respectively. The median overall survival and 6-month overall survival after PRDR treatment was 8.7 months and 71%, respectively. Fifty percent of patients had ≥4 chemotherapy regimens before PRDR. Toxicity was similar to initial treatment, including no cases of radiation necrosis. Conclusion IMRT PRDR reirradiation is a feasible and appropriate treatment strategy for large volume recurrent CNS tumors resulting in acceptable overall survival with reasonable toxicity in our patients who were heavily pretreated. Prospective studies are necessary to determine the optimal timing of PRDR reirradiation, the role of concurrent systemic agents, and the ideal patient population who would receive the maximal benefit from this treatment approach. Summary Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has not yet been reported as a pulsed reduced dose rate (PRDR) delivery technique for recurrent brain tumors and may allow for safe and comprehensive reirradiation for large volume tumors. We reviewed our IMRT PRDR outcomes and toxicity and reviewed the literature of available PRDR series for recurrent central nervous system tumors. We conclude that IMRT PRDR reirradiation is a feasible and appropriate treatment strategy for large volume recurrent brain tumors resulting in acceptable overall survival with reasonable toxicity in our patients who were heavily pretreated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging